Kano Emirate, which was established in 1807 (in addition to the Hausa Sarauta system since 999 A.D) three years after the Jihad of Sheikh Uthman bn Fūdi, had been placed in a very high pedestal.
The Fastest Bill in the History of Kano: Ganduje and the Creation of New Emirates
Nadir A. Nasidi
This is so because, the emirate apart from its long standing traditional of industry and culture, which it inherited from the Hausa Hābe rulers, it becomes the custodian of an unadulterated form of Islam and Islamic scholarship.
Pointer to this was the submission and acceptance of defeat by Sultan Attahiru II in 1903 when the British was said to have conquered Kano, which he considered the ‘heart’ of the Sokoto Caliphate.
With the final conquest of the Sokoto Caliphate by the British in 1906, Lugard, the then Governor General, declared that all the powers of the Emirs, which include appointment and deposition of kings, the economy, the administration of justice, among others, were surreptitiously seized by the British colonial government. Hence, the position of the emirs suffered a great setback.
Besides, the British began to depose the emirs that were ‘recalcitrant’ to their new colonial system (See the cases of Emirs Zubairu of Yola in 1901, Alu Babba in 1903, Hassan of Muri also in 1903, etc.). similarly, ‘Capital’ punishments of the Islamic Law like stoning to death and amputations in the cases of adultery and theft were considered ‘repugnant’ to standard civilization and culture and was therefore, abrogated (For more information, refer to Camroon’s Reforms of the 1940s and the case of Tsoho Gubba versus the Gwandu Emirate).
With the creation of 12 states by the military government of General Yakubu Gowon in 1967, the usurped power of the Emirs was taken over by the governors, which they used in abusing the traditional emirate system mainly for political reasons.
The cases of Joel Madaki, the military governor of the defunct Gongola State, versus the emir of Muri, Umaru Abba, who was unjustly deposed in 1986 and that of Obasanjo versus the emir of Gwandu, Alhaji Mustapha Haruna Jokolo in 2005 are classic examples of the extent to which the emirs were relegated to the back-bench by the modern democratic rule.
It should be noted that similar crises had taken place between the late emir of Kano, Alhaji Ado Bayero and late Abubakar Rimi, the then governor of the defunct Kano State in 1982. Though Rimi's plans were reversed by Sabo Bakin Zuwo's government, the incidence generated a lot of tension with the socio-political and economic atmosphere of the state in the abyss of chaos and uncertainty, which later culminated into the loss of lives and properties worth millions of Naira, as well as, the assassination of Dr. Bala Muhammad, who was the then political advisor to the governor on a ‘black’ Friday.
Based on the foregoing, one would come to the conclusion that Ganduje’s deadly plan to create additional emirates, which include Rano, Gaya, Karaye and Bichi, is not a new development in the history of the emirate/democratic government relations.
This decision will no doubt be catastrophic not only to the emir whom the governor hates for speaking truth to power, but to the long standing history of Kano and its people. Ganduje’s role in destabilising peace in the state due his high level of political miscalculation and policy summersault will surely end up in a cataclysmic pose.
The creation of additional emirates is no doubt a shrewd way of disintegrating the long standing unity the state had been enjoying. This decision according to the emir of Gwandu, Alhaji Mustapha Haruna Jokolo in an exclusive interview with Radio Nigeria on the 11th of May, 2019, is ‘irrational and absolutely ridiculous’.
Moreover, the emirate system in Kano with a whole state comprising 44 Local Government Areas all under an emir is one of its kinds in the post-colonial history of the remnants of the Sokoto Caliphate. This stand makes it not only unique amongst other emirates, but also respectable within and out of the country. Therefore, balkanizing the Kano emirate by creating four more emirates will inevitably wash away its long and historic glory. Meanwhile, Ganduje’s aim is to destroy his people, his tradition, his history and the state, simply, for personal selfish interests.
To my utmost surprise, the bill passed in the state House of Assembly is the fastest bill ever endorsed in the political history of Kano State since the return of democracy in 1999. Besides, the unanimous consensus of the members of the State House of Assembly proves beyond reasonable doubt their corruption and lack of patriotism to their state by cheaply dancing to the tunes of the governor. If they truly have the power to rush into passing a bill like this, or to take a rush decision, why were they lackadaisical in the obvious case of Ganduje’s Dollar Scandal? Let alone spending useless months without a concrete solution to the problem. I want them to know that if they backed the governor’s irrational decision, which affected the lives of millions of people simply because of the lifetime pension they requested for, who promised them the guaranty of their lives? By extension, we are patiently waiting for your seats in the next coming election.
I have said it times without number that Ganduje’s tenure symbolizes not only the most corrupt government in the history of the state, but the one manned by terrorists with no respect to the Rule of Law and the established traditions of the people. Ganduje is nothing, but a disgrace to the people of Kano and to Islam as a religion.
To sum it up, the emirate system had passed through different, difficult, thorny and slippery paths from the colonial government to the present and has emerged victorious against its enemies at home and abroad. This time around, with God in His intimate mercy, Kano Emirate shall be pulled out of this mess and dubious historical blunder.